Eau de Parfum

Description


Parfum de Toilette (PdT): 10–20% (typical ~15%) Aromatic Compounds. Sometimes listed as "eau de perfume" or "millésime".


Eau de Perfume UK, French: Eau de Parfum is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, And living-spaces and agreeable scent

It is usually in liquid form and used to give a pleasant scent to a person's body. Ancient texts and archaeological excavations show the use of perfumes in some of the earliest human civilizations. 

Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanilla or Couperin, which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone.


History


The world's first-recorded chemist is considered a woman named Tapputi, a perfume maker mentioned in a cuneiform tablet from the 2nd millennium BC in Mesopotamia. She distilled flowers, oil, and calamus with other aromatics, then filtered and put them back in the still several times.

In India, perfume and perfumery existed in the Indus civilization (3300 BC – 1300 BC). One of the earliest distillations of Attar was mentioned in the Hindu Ayurveda text Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita.


In 2003, Archaeologists uncovered what are believed[by whom? to be the world's oldest surviving perfumes in Pyrgos, Cyprus. The perfumes date back more than 4,000 years. They were discovered in an ancient perfumery, a 300-square-meter (3,230 sq ft) factory housing at least 60 stills, mixing bowls, funnels, and perfume bottles. In ancient times people used herbs and spices, such as almond, coriander, myrtle, conifer resin, and bergamot, as well as flowers.[6] In May 2018, an ancient perfume “Rodo” (Rose) was recreated for the Greek National Archaeological Museum's anniversary show “Countless Aspects of Beauty”, allowing visitors to approach antiquity through their olfaction receptors.


Etruscan perfume vase shaped like a female head, 2nd century BC

In the 9th century the Arab chemist Al-Kindi (Alkindus) wrote the Book of the Chemistry of Perfume and Distillations, which contained more than a hundred recipes for fragrant oils, salves, aromatic waters, and substitutes or imitations of costly drugs. The book also described 107 methods and recipes for perfume-making and perfume-making equipment, such as the alembic (which still bears its Arabic name.[8][9] [from Greek "cup" beaker described by Synesius in the 4th century.

A Byzantine alembic used to distill perfumes.

The Persian chemist Ibn Sina (also known as Avicenna) introduced the process of extracting oils from flowers by means of distillation, the procedure most commonly used today. He first experimented with the rose until his discover  liquid perfumes consisted of mixtures of oil and crushed herbs or petals which made a strong blend. Rose water was more delicate and immediately became popular. Both the raw ingredients and the distillation technology significantly influenced western perfumery and scientific developments particularly chemistry.


The art of perfumery was known in western Europe from 1221 taking into account the monks recipes of Santa Maria delle Vigne or Santa Maria Novella of Florence Italy In the east, The Hungarians produced in 1370 a perfume made of scented oils blended in an alcohol solution, Best known as Hungary Water  at the behest of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary. The art of perfumery prospered in Renaissance Italy and in the 16th century the personal perfumer to Catherine de Medici (1519–1589) Rene the Florentine (Renato il fiorentino) took Italian refinements to France. His laboratory was connected with her apartments by a secret passageway, so that no formulae could be stolen en route. Thanks to Rene.


France quickly became one of the European centers of perfume and cosmetics manufacture. Cultivation of flowers for their perfume essence which had begun in the 14th century grew into a major industry in the south of France.


Between the 16th and 17th centuries perfumes were used primarily by the wealthy to mask body odors resulting from infrequent bathing. Partly due to this patronage the perfume industry developed In 1693. The Italian barber Giovanni Paolo Feminis created a perfume water called Aqua Admirabilis the best known as eau de cologne his nephew Johann Maria Farina (Giovanni Maria Farina) took over the business in 1732.


By the 18th century the Grasse region of France, Sicily, and Calabria (in Italy) were growing aromatic plants to provide the growing perfume industry with raw materials. Even today, Italy and France remain the center of European perfume design and trade.

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Narciso Rodriguez Bleu Noir Eau de Parfum Men 100ml

narciso rodriguez introduces bleu noir eau de parfum, the supreme complement to bleu noir ..

AED289.00 AED219.00

LANCOME Tresor Midnight Rose Eau de Parfum Women 75ml

Description:The latest fragrance by the house of Lancome, Tresor Midnight Rose is announced as a sed..

AED389.00 AED249.00

DOLCE & GABBANA Valvet Patchouli Unisex 50ml

INSPIRATION Incense as a source of inspiration.A church in a tiny village,the scent of in..

AED469.00 AED269.00

Amouage Lilac Love Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: W..

AED659.00 AED509.00

Maison LANCOME Oud Bouquet Eau de Parfum Unisex 75ml

LancomeSize: 75ml UnisexWith a precious bottle made of glass and gold, the noble materials reve..

AED890.00 AED299.00

Amouage Sunshine Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: M..

AED739.00 AED499.00

Alexandre J. Mcqueen Pink For Women Eau de Parfum 75ml

Product DescriptionAlexandre J. Mcqueen Pink For Women EDP 75MLALEXANDRE J. MCQUEEN PINK has a: Top ..

AED149.00 AED109.00

Amouage Reflection Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: W..

AED599.00 AED469.00

MANCERA Pink Prestigium Eau de Parfum Women 120ml

PINK PRESTIGIUM WOMEN'S FRAGRANCE Unique perfumes, timelessly elegant. Size: 120ml..

AED219.00

Amouage Bracken Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

 Bracken Man Eau De Parfum   Gender: Masculine Size: 100ml     More I..

AED850.00 AED559.00

Serge Lutens Arabie Eau de Parfum Unisex 50ml

SERGE LUTENS Arabie  Eau de Parfum  Size: 50ml  Created: 2000  Fragrance Fa..

AED729.00 AED289.00

Serge Lutens A La Nuit Eau de Parfum Unisex 50ml

SERGE LUTENS A La Nuit  Eau de Parfum  Size: 50ml  Created: 2000  Fragrance..

AED729.00 AED299.00

Yves Saint Laurent Black Opium For Women Eau de Parfum 90ml

FragranceWhen the electrifying energy of black coffee meets the assertive femininity of white flower..

AED450.00 AED310.00

Tiffany & Co Tiffany Intense Eau de Parfum for Her 75ml

Tiffany & Co Tiffany  Intense  Size:  75ml  Eau de Parfum For Her..

AED580.00 AED369.00

BURBERRY My Burberry for Women Eau de Parfum 90ml

DESCRIPTION Inspired by the trench coat and its heritage of British design and craftsmanshi..

AED460.00 AED199.00

Amouage Journey Eau de Parfum for Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: W..

AED1,050.00 AED559.00

Abercrombie & Fitch First Instinct Eau de Parfum for Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: Abercrombie & FitchFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlT..

AED229.00

Abercrombie & Fitch First Instinct Eau de Parfum for Her 50ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: Abercrombie & FitchFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 50mlTa..

AED189.00

Amouroud Dark Orchid Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

AMOUROUD Dark Orchid  Eau de Parfum  Size: 100ml  Gender : Unisex   DESCRI..

AED759.00 AED499.00

Agonist Black Amber Eau de Parfum Unisex 50ml

    BLACK AMBER Eau De Parfum  Product Information Size: 50ml Brand: Agonis..

AED549.00 AED479.00

Van Cleef & Arpels Precious Oud Collection Extraordinaire Eau de Parfum for Unisex 75ml

PRODUCT DETAILSSize: 75 mlTop notes: Bergamot and pink pepperMiddle notes: Jasmine, tuberose and inc..

AED520.00 AED309.00

Atelier Cologne Collection Avant Garde Rose Anonyme 100ml

Star Ingredients Rose de Turquie Bergamote d'Italie Patchouli d'Indonésiehe f..

AED550.00 AED359.00

Atelier Cologne Collection Avant Garde Amber Nue 200ml

Star Ingredients Amber accord Mandarine from Italy LabdanumThe formula of th..

AED590.00 AED399.00

Amouage Myths Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: W..

AED743.00 AED499.00

Amouage Lyric Eau de Parfum for Her 100ml

Description:Lyric by Amouage offers a sensual and fresh aroma. This Lyric Eau de Parfum comes in an ..

AED619.00 AED479.00

Amouage Bracken Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

 Bracken    Eau De Parfum Gender: Feminine Size: 100ml Recreating the symbo..

AED850.00 AED519.00

Alexandre J. Mcqueen Pink For Women Eau de Parfum 50ml

Product DescriptionAlexandre J. Mcqueen Pink For Women EDP 50MLALEXANDRE J. MCQUEEN PINK has a: Top ..

AED129.00 AED89.00

Amouage Honour Eau de Parfum for Her 100ml

Description:Amouage presents a new fragrant pair in 2011 - Honour Woman and Honour Man. These perfum..

AED1,070.00 AED609.00

Serge Lutens Bapteme Du Feu Eau de Parfum Unisex 50ml

SERGE LUTENS Bapteme Du Feu  Eau de Parfum  Size: 50ml  Created: Aug 2016  ..

AED729.00 AED289.00

Dior Addict for Women Eau fraiche 100ml

      Dior Addict Size: 100ml Eau fraiche 100ml     DESCRIPTION..

AED590.00 AED429.00

Dior Addict for Women Eau de Parfum 100ml

      Dior Addict Size: 100ml Eau de Perfume     DESCRIPTION D..

AED680.00 AED415.00

Gucci Bamboo Eau de Parfum Women 50ml

PRODUCT DETAILSSize: 50ml Brand: GUCCIINSPIRATIONGucci launches its new perfume Gucci Bamboo in..

AED279.00 AED189.00

Louis Vuitton LE JOUR SE LEVE Eau de Parfum Women 100ml

LE JOUR SE LÈVE Eau de Parfum Size: 100ml DESCRIPTION  A radiant mandarin to taste the ..

AED1,600.00 AED1,189.00

ALAÏA Paris Eau De Parfum Blanche Women 100ml

ALAÏA Paris Blanche Eau de Parfum Size: 100ml Factory Family: Floral Almond Musky DESCRIPTIO..

AED249.00

ALAÏA Paris Women Eau de Parfum 100ml

ALAÏA Paris Eau de Parfum Size: 100ml Factory Family: Floral Musky DESCRIPTION  Alaïa ..

AED189.00

ALAÏA Paris Women Eau de Parfum 50ml

ALAÏA Paris Eau de Parfum Size: 50ml Factory Family: Floral Musky DESCRIPTION  Alaïa P..

AED139.00

GIORGIO ARMANI Si for Women Eau de Parfum 50ml

 ENGRAVABLESI EAU DE PARFUM  GIORGIO ARMANI Si for Women Eau de Parfum 50ml   ..

AED610.00 AED249.00

Paco Rabanne Black XS Eau de Parfum for her 80ml

Black XS for herEau de ParfumAn uncompromising woody floral. A flower in narcotic-noir.Massoïa wood ..

AED259.00

LANCOME Tresor Midnight Rose Eau de Parfum Women 50ml

Description:The facetted bottle of Trésor Midnight Rose is radiant, in shades of colour from powdery..

AED259.00 AED199.00

Gucci Bamboo Eau de Parfum Women 75ml

PRODUCT DETAILSSize: 75ml Brand: GUCCIINSPIRATIONGucci launches its new perfume Gucci Bamboo in..

AED379.00 AED199.00

Givenchy Hot Couture Women Eau de Parfum 50ml

Description:Top notes are bergamot, rasberry and orangeMiddle notes are magnolia, pepper and vetiver..

AED219.00

COACH New York Eau de Parfum Women 30ml

COACH New York Composition Coach Eau de Parfum is a fragrance..

AED189.00 AED98.00

Carolina Herrera 212 Sexy Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

212 SEXY It has the same spirit as the world's fragrance of sweet and mysterious women's 212, but i..

AED180.00

Amouage Blossom Love Eau de Parfum for Her 100ml

Blossom Love FragranceSize: 100mlType: Eau de ParfumBrand: AmouageA floral trail of Cherry Blossom c..

AED820.00 AED659.00

ALAÏA Paris Eau De Parfum Blanche Women 50ml

ALAÏA Paris Blanche Eau de Parfum Size: 50ml Factory Family: Floral Almond Musky DESCRIPTION..

AED159.00

Amouroud Oud Du Jour Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

AMOUROUD Oud Du Jour  Eau de Parfum  Size: 100ml  Gender : Unisex   DESCRI..

AED759.00 AED499.00

Alexandre J. The Collector Silver Ombre for Unisex Eau de Parfum 100ml

Alexandre J The Collector Silver Ombre Eau de Parfum 3.4 fl.oz. 100ml..

AED399.00 AED179.00

BYREDO Black Saffron Unisex Eau de Parfum 50ml

  BLACK SAFFRON Eau De Parfum 50   More Information  The eau de cologne con..

AED679.00 AED479.00

Roja Scandal Pour Femme Eau de Parfum for Her 50ml

ROJA SCANDAL Pour Femme  Eau de Parfum  Size: 50ml  Gender : Female Floral : Swe..

AED1,450.00 AED1,199.00

Amouroud Safran Rare Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

AMOUROUD Safran Rare  Eau de Parfum  Size: 100ml  Gender : Unisex   DESCRI..

AED759.00 AED489.00

Gucci By Gucci Eau de Parfum For Her 75ml

GUCCI Gucci by Gucci   Size:  75ml  Eau de Parfum For HerDESCRIPTION ..

AED350.00 AED229.00

Roja Scandal Pour Homme Eau de Parfum for Him 50ml

ROJA SCANDAL Pour Homme  Eau de Parfum  Size: 50ml  Gender : Male Fougère : Fres..

AED1,590.00 AED1,229.00

Amouroud Miel Sauvage Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

AMOUROUD Miel Sauvage  Eau de Parfum  Size: 100ml  Gender : Unisex   DESCR..

AED759.00 AED489.00

Gucci Flora 1966 Eau de Parfum for Her 100ml

Description:Released in 2013, Flora 1966 by Gucci was designed as a more elegant perfume for women l..

AED489.00

Tiffany & Co Tiffany Intense Eau de Parfum for Her 30ml

Tiffany & Co Tiffany  Intense  Size:  30ml  Eau de Parfum For Her..

AED199.00

Tiffany Eau de Parfum Intense for Her 50ml

Tiffany & Co Tiffany  Intense  Size:  50ml  Eau de Parfum For Her..

AED289.00

Gucci By Gucci Concentree Edition Eau de Parfum for Her 50ml

Description:Brand: GucciFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 50mlTargeted Group: WomenFragrance Family..

AED259.00

Amouage Sunshine Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Amouage’s Sunshine EDP plays those romantic strings in your heart when sprayed even once..

AED689.00 AED409.00

Amouage Memoir Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Expirable : NoTargeted Group : WomenBrand : AmouageFragrance Family : Floral & MuskP..

AED499.00

Amouage Library Collection Opus VIII Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

Description:Amouage Opus VIII pays a poetic homage to the olfactory experiences. This Amouage perfum..

AED519.00

Amouage Library Collection Opus IX Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

Description:The Library Collection Opus IX by Amouage for Unisex delivers an oriental woody fragranc..

AED459.00

Amouage Jubilation XXV Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Jubilation XXV by Amouage perfume offers a pleasant fragrance to enable you to smell gre..

AED559.00

Amouage Jubilation 25 Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: W..

AED449.00

Amouage Interlude Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Because you are both wild and tame, bold and shy, chaotic yet calm, Interlude by Amourag..

AED789.00 AED499.00

Amouage Interlude Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Expirable : NoTargeted Group : MenPerfume Name : InterludeFragrance Family : Oriental &a..

AED898.00 AED559.00

Amouage Honour Eau de Parfum for Him 100ml

Description:Celebrate the passion of love by wearing this Amouage perfume. Formulated to create an i..

AED459.00

Amouage Gold Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Gold Pour Femme by Amouage for Women sprays fresh and warm fragrance. This Eau de Parfum..

AED1,011.00 AED599.00

Amouage Gold Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Amouage Gold Man from the house of Amouage is a luxurious, dry chypre fragrance. This Am..

AED1,020.00 AED569.00

Amouage Figment Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Targeted Group : WomenPerfume Name : FigmentFragrance Family : White Floral & Warm S..

AED749.00 AED599.00

Amouage Epic Eau de Parfum For Her 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: W..

AED799.00 AED599.00

Amouage Epic Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Epic Man Amouage by Amouage features a masculine aroma that will make you feel rejuvenat..

AED599.00 AED459.00

Amouage Beloved Eau de Parfume for Him 100ml

Description:Beloved by Amouage for Man offers fresh floral aroma. This Eau de Parfum is available in..

AED694.00 AED449.00

Amouage Silver Eau de Parfum for Him 100ml

Description:Amouage Silver is a woody floral concoction for men. This Amouage perfume has citric not..

AED890.00 AED399.00

Amouage Reflection Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Amouge Reflection Pour Homme (100ml) Eau de Parfum is timeless in its essence and undeni..

AED525.00

Amouage Myths Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Myths Man by Amouage is a Oriental fragrance for men. This is a new fragr..

AED613.00

Amouage Memoir Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:The perfume arrives on the market in September 2010 and belongs to leather-woody-fougere..

AED559.00

Amouage Lyric Eau de Parfum for Him 100ml

Description:Product Features:Brand: AmouageFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: M..

AED459.00 AED699.00

Amouage Library Library Collection Opus VI Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

Description:Amouage The Library Collection Opus VI eau de parfum takes you back in time. This Opus V..

AED529.00

Amouage Library Collection Opus IV Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

Description:Amouage The Library Collection Opus IV eau de parfum is creative and inspiring. This Opu..

AED529.00

Amouage Library Collection Opus I Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

Description:Amouage’s The Library Collection Opus I EDP reveals the bright shades of your personalit..

AED529.00

Amouage Fate Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Amouage perfume for men is an intense perfume that offers a touch of spice. This Amouage..

AED1,020.00 AED539.00

Amouage Dia Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:The Dia Pour Homme by Amouge brings a delight and pleasurable fragrance. One of the best..

AED790.00 AED477.00

Amouage Library Collection Opus III Eau de Parfum Unisex 100ml

Description:Amouage The Library Collection Opus III eau de parfum have a nice, lovely, and elegant a..

AED599.00

Amouage Journey Eau de Parfum for Him 100ml

Description:Let your adventurous side take the lead. Introduced by the design house of Amouage in 20..

AED500.00

Korloff Paris No Ordinary Eau de Parfum For Him 100ml

Description:Brand: KorloffFragrance Type: Eau de ParfumSize: 100mlTargeted Group: MenFragrance Famil..

AED89.00